The Air Force Radar Museum Association has got permission to build the National Air Defense Radar Museum atop one of the former radar buildings atop Campbell Hill. The radars in Bellefontaine were part of the 664th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron. The museum is to be located in a building that house an FPS-26 radar. Gene McManus attended the Highpointers 2011 convention at Campbell Hill and describes plans in the video.
Radar Museum Planned for Campbell Hill Summit
Highpointers 2011 Convention July 14-16 in Ohio
Climbing Considerations on Public Highpoints
Alaska – It goes without saying that Mount McKinley requires lots of preparation. The climbing process is heavily regulated and they are considering quotas. For more info: http://www.nps.gov/dena/mountain/talkeet.htm
California – Entry into the “Whitney Zone” is heavily regulated. The quotas were reduced in 2001. If you want to camp on the mountain you need to enter a lottery stating your dates in February. If you just want to dayhike you also need a permit. The permits are also in the February lottery and if you are planning on visiting on weekends in August you should apply then. The permits are more easily obtained for other days of the week. More info: http://www.fs.fed.us/r5/inyo/recreation/mt_whitney.html
Hawaii – While Hawai’i is a drive up there are constantly battles over restricting access to the summit. Astronomers do not want you to driving up after dark. Limits have been imposed on the commercial group size that summit. Further, many car rental companies prohibit cars from driving on Saddle Road and the mountain.
Maine – Baxter State Park has very strict rules on access and quotas on the trails. You can find out more at: http://www.mainerec.com/baxter1.asp?Category=101&PageNum=101
New York – The New York DEC is considering imposing quotas on Marcy and other high peaks. There are restrictions on group size and parking. Further, New York traditionally requests you do not climb the High Peaks during May and the first couple weeks of June to avoid damaging muddy trails. For more info check out: http://www.adk.org/html/high_peaks_wilderness_area_access.html
Ohio – The highpoint is owned by the Hi Point Vocational School and is inside a gated compound. The compound is open during daylight on weekdays. However if you make prior arrangements the pedestrian gate on the left of the main gate will be left open. In order to make these arrangement you should call (937) 599-3010 on weekdays been 7 a.m. and 3 p.m.
Oregon – Mount Hood is currently a marginal yellow flag. Proposals are on the table to impose quotas. Currently, you only need a free self-issue permit. However, Hood can be extremely dangerous and it is advised that you only climb during the May to mid-July season. More info: http://www.fs.fed.us/r6/mthood/climb99.htm
Vermont – Vermont has asked that you voluntarily not climb Mount Mansfield during May and the first week of June to avoid damaging soggy trails.
Washington – Rainier is considering closing its Paradise Parking Lot to climbers (climbers would have to be shuttled to and from the trailhead). Currently, the only official regulation is the $15 climbing fee. More info: http://www.nps.gov/mora/
Campbell Hill, Ohio – America’s Strategic Highpoint
Roger Rowlett describes Campbell Hill’s “relatively steep west face leading to the obvious summit” and refers to it as “the most manicured of the state highpoints.” Now it’s time for the rest of the story.
Campbell Hill is located on the eastern edge of Bellefontaine, Ohio, approximately 50 miles northwest of Columbus. At an altitude of 1,549’, ‘the hill” is 43rd in height of the 50 state highpoints and is located on the grounds of the Ohio High Point Career Center. Geologically, Campbell Hill is classified as a glacial moraine. During the Pleistocene Era, which extended from 1 million to 10,000 years ago, glaciers covered the majority of Ohio. As these glaciers retreated northwards at the end of this era they left large deposits of glacial till (boulders, clay and gravel) in their wake. The effect is similar to a snowplow that leaves a big pile of snow at the end of your driveway as it plows the street.
Local records show that Solomon Rogue of Virginia secured a tract of 1,000 acres from the government in 1830. Solomon disposed of most of the land soon thereafter, and his nephew John Rogue secured 100 acres in the middle of this tract, including the highpoint. The highpoint was known as “Hogue’s Hill” until it was sold to Bellefontaine resident Charles D. Campbell in 1898. “Campbell’s Hill” was in turn sold to beer magnate August Wagner in 1937. Wagner died in 1944 and left the tract to his daughter Helen. Helen deeded the highpoint and the surrounding 52 ‘/2 acres to the Federal Government in 1950.
Later that year the government began construction of a radar station that was to become a primary player in our nation’s Cold War strategy. The next year the Air Force opened the 664th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron as part of the U.S. Air Defense Command. Its purpose was to monitor the skies for enemy planes and possible air attacks. The base also aided friendly aircraft in need of navigational assistance and other functions. Upon completion of the “Green Line” in northern Canada, the base was deemed obsolete and was closed in 1969. The vacated site was ceded to the Ohio High Point Joint Vocational School and classes began in the former air base buildings in the fall of 1974. Meanwhile, a 120,000 square foot main building was constructed and classes began there in 1975. The campus now consists of one main building and 22 auxiliary buildings.
The public has access to the campus and the highpoint during the week, but the main gate is closed on most weekends and holidays. [Ed: Since becoming the Ohio Hi-Point Career Center the highpoint is accessible 7 days a week.] Arrangements can be made for access, or there is a pedestrian gate at the main entrance and the high-point is a short walkaway. There is a flagpole, monument and USGS marker at the summit. Though there is a beautiful view from the highpoint, most visitors express disappointment in seeing not an abrupt cliff or peak, but instead a gently rolling elevation on along ridge.
For those looking for more of a challenge, the author suggests packing a bicycle for a ride on the Top of Ohio Bicycle Trail. This is a 47-mile loop trail, signed for counterclockwise travel, over the many glacial moraines in eastern and southern Logan County. Access is from anywhere on the trail, but an easy starting point is at the High Point Village Shopping Center about 1/2 mile west of the highpoint, where there is ample parking. Maps are available in the County Commissioner’s Office on the ground floor of the Logan County Courthouse in downtown Bellefontaine.
Campbell Hill was recently designated as a State Historic Site by the Ohio Historical Society in anticipation of Ohio’s bicentennial celebration in 2003. The Ohio Historical Society, the Treaty Lands Chapter of the Professional Land Surveyors of Ohio, and the Ohio High Point Career Center will soon erect a new marker designating the highpoint as a historic location.
[Ed: Tom Minahan is the Magistrate of the Logan County Common Pleas Court in Bellefontaine, the “highest” Court in Ohio. Tom has been a member of the Highpointers Club since 1998.]